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Responsive Eyes

In 1965 the Museum of Modern Art opened The Responsive Eye, a landmark exhibition which featured works by 100 modern artists who used abstract forms to examine how different shapes, patterns and colors could affect the eye of a viewer. Often called “Op Art” due to their relationships to the study of optics and optical illusions, these works appear to move, shimmer, or vibrate despite the fact that they are stationary. This exhibition revisits the work of four of the artists included in the seminal survey: Josef Albers, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Frank Stella and Victor Vasarely, as well as their Latin contemporary Jesús Rafael Soto.